Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths which develop in the uterus. Most women with small fibroids do not present any symptoms and no treatment is required. However, depending on their location and size, fibroids may cause certain symptoms such as:
- Excessive bleeding with passage of blood clots during menstruation
- Pelvic pressure or discomfort
- Increased frequency of urination
- Pelvic pain
- Lower back pain
- Difficulty or pain during bowel movement
Fibroids may be treated surgically, either through complete removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) or removal of the fibroids with the uterus in place (myomectomy). This procedure may be done via an abdominal surgery (open surgery) or a laparoscopy (key-hole surgery).