- Open surgery
The surgeon makes a 10 – 15cm incision in the abdominal area to perform gynaecological procedures such as removal of ovarian cysts, removal of fibroids and hysterectomy.
- Gynae-laparoscopic surgery/ Key-hole surgery
An alternative to open surgery that allows for surgical procedures to be performed in a minimally invasive manner with faster recovery time.During the laparoscopy, the surgeon makes a small incision of 5 – 10mm in the abdomen and inserts a laparoscope which is connected to a high-resolution camera. This allows for a close examination of the pelvic organs and can be used to diagnose and perform several procedures such as the removal of ovarian cysts, removal of fibroids and hysterectomy. A laparoscopy may be done with the assistance of robotic operating hands, which are remotely controlled by the surgeon.
A special magnifying device called a colposcope is used to examine the cervix for abnormalities which may not be visible to the naked eye. This procedure may be recommended if your Pap smear test results are abnormal.
- Dilation & Curettage (D&C)
A procedure which removes tissues from the uterus lining. The cervix is enlarged (dilated) with medication or an instrument and the inner lining of the uterus can be sampled with a special spoon-like instrument called a curette. It may be done to determine the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding or upon the discovery of abnormal endometrial cells.
A hysteroscopy allows the doctor to closely observe the uterus lining. A thin magnifying scope called a hysteroscope is inserted into the uterus through the vagina. This procedure may be done to investigate any abnormal uterine bleeding, determine causes of infertility or remove growths in the uterus.